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Software Testing Foundation – Topic Cheat Sheet – ISTQB-ISEB

Software Testing Foundation – Topic Cheat Sheet – ISTQB-ISEB

Here’s a mind map with the topics cheat sheet to prepare for the ISTQB-ISEB Software Testing foundation level exam.

You can download the image in A3 size if you want to print out and stick to the wall so you can visualise and try to memorize the topics.

Or you can use the mind map I have shared puclic and access using MindMeister with the free registration and look in more details.

Download the High-Resolution image. (PNG format)

Download the A3 size to print in that size. (PDF format)

Software Testing Foundation Cheat Sheet - ISTQB-ISEB

Software Testing Foundation Cheat Sheet – ISTQB-ISEB

Download the High-Resolution image. (PNG format)

Download the A3 size to print in that size. (PDF format)

I have shared this mind map so you can copy and amend if you want to.

Create your own mind maps at MindMeister

Download the Mindmeister file. (.mind format – Zip file)

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Software Testing Foundation – ISTQB-ISEB Topics

1. Fundamentals of Testing

Why is Testing Necessary? Human -> Error (mistake) -> Defect (fault, bug) which when executed may cause -> Failure
Measures the quality of the software
Gives confidence in the quality
Reduces the overall level of risk
How much testing? Depends on risk, safety & project constraints
Testing Objectives Finding Defects
Providing information for decision-making
Preventing defects
Gaining confidence about the level of quality
Testing Objectives Finding Defects
Providing information for decision-making
Preventing defects
Gaining confidence about the level of quality
Seven Testing Principles Testing shows presence of defects
Exhaustive testing is impossible
Early testing
Defect clustering
Pesticide paradox
Testing is context dependent
Absence-of-error fallacy
Fundamental Test Process Planning & Control
Analysis & Design
Implementation & Execution
Evaluating Exit Criteria & Reporting
Test Closure
The Psychology of Testing Mindset of Developer & Tester
Communication in a constructive manner
Test Independence
Code of Ethics Code is necessary, among other reasons, to ensure information accessed by testers are not put to inappropriate use.

2. Testing Throughout the Software Life Cycle

Software Development Models





Test Levels

Black Box

Functional Testing
Non-Functional Testing (Software Characteristics)

White Box

Structural Testing

Testing Related to Change


Maintenance Testing

Triggered by


Change to deployed software system or its environment

Extensive regression testing required

3. Static Techniques

Review Types Informal Review
Technical Review
Activities of a Formal Review Planning
Individual Preparation
Review Meeting
Static Analysis by Tools

Find defects in software source code and models

Can locate defects that are hard to locate in dynamic testing

4. Test Design Techniques

Test Development Process Test Design Specification
Test Case Specification
Test Procedure Specification
Specification-based or Black-box Techniques Equivalence Partitioning
Boundary Value Analysis
Decision Tables
State Transition Diagrams/Tables
Use Case Testing
Structure-based or White-box Techniques

Statement Testing & Coverage (weakest)
Decision Testing & Coverage (stronger than Statement)

Other Structure-based Techniques

Condition Testing
Multiple Condition Testing
All Path Testing (Strongest)

Choosing Test techniques Risk & Objectives
Type of System & Dev Cycle
Regulatory Standards
Time & Budget
Knowledge & Experience

5. Test Management

Test Organisation Independent Testing
Tasks of Test Leader & Tester
Test Planning & Estimation

Test Planning

Test Policy, Strategy
Estimation Techniques
Test Plan

Test Approaches

Process Compliant or Standard Compliant
Dynamic and Heuristic

Entry & Exit Criteria

Test Progress Monitoring & Control Test Monitoring
Test Reporting & Control
Test Summary Report
Risks and Testing Risk: Probability/Likelihood & Impact
Project & Product Risks
Risk-based testing approach
Configuration Management  Establish and maintain the integrity of the products and ensure all items of test-ware are identified, version controlled, tracked for changes, related to each other.
Incident Management Incident Management
Incident Logging
Test Incident Report

6. Test Support for Testing

Types if Test Tools Management of Testing & Tests
Performance & Monitoring
Specific testing Needs
Test Execution & Logging
Test Specification
Static Testing
Effective Use of Tools Potential Benefits & Risks
Special consideration for Test Execution, Static analysis & Test Management tools
Introducing a Tool into an Organisation Main Considerations
Start with a Pilot project
Success factors for deployment

Tools I’ve used to help with the video and mind mapping:

Mind MappingMindmeister – Plan and brainstorm online with friends with the free mind mapping tool MindMeister


About The Author

Rogerio da Silva is a Brazilian who lives in the UK for a little over two decades. He is the owner of a test consulting and outsources services for software development. He likes to blog, write and create content that teaches others how to live a better life. Rogerio has two princesses and one powerful wife that help him with his work. He loves reading biographies of successful authors and dream builders because they inspire him to keep creating!

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