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Fundamental Test Process

Basics for test process on an everyday basis. Ideal for giving you a higher level idea of what a software tester does.

Ideal for a Junior Software Tester or who is intended to take the ISTQB-ISEB exam.

Fundamental Test Process

Fundamental Test Process – Click to Enlarge

Download the High-Resolution image. (PNG format)

Download the A3 size to print in that size. (PDF format)

I have shared this mind map to copy and amend it if you want to.

Fundamental Test Process

1. Planning & Control


  • Determine the scope, risks & objectives
  • Implement Test Policy / Strategy
  • Determine Test Approach
  • Determine resources required
  • Schedule the test activities
  • Determine the Exit Criteria


  • Monitor activities
  • Compare progress vs plan
  • Take control when required

2. Analysis & Design

  • Review the Test Basis
  • Eval Test Basis for test-ability
  • Identify & priorities Test Conditions
  • Design & priorities high-level Test Cases
  • Identify Test Data
  • Trace-ability between Test Bases & Test Condition
  • Test environment & Infrastructure tools

3. Implementation & Execution

Test Implementation

  • Finalise, Implement & prioritise Test Cases
  • Create Test Data
  • Check environment ready
  • Create Test Suites
  • Develop & priorities Test Procedures
  • Test harness / automated scripts (optional)

Test Execution

  • Execute Test Procedure as planned
  • Log the outcome
  • Compare actual vs expected
  • Report discrepancies as Incidents
  • Analyse Incidents for cause
  • Retest / Regression

4. Evaluating Exit Criteria & Reporting

  • Check logs against Exit Criteria
  • Assess if more tests are needed or Exit Criteria need to be changed
  • Write Test Summary Report for stakeholders

5. Test Closure

  • Check planned deliverables
  • Close Incident Reports
  • Handover to maintenance
  • Finalise & archive test-ware / environment
  • Document acceptance of a system
  • Analyse lessons learned for future projects & improve test maturity

Tools I’ve used to help with the video and mind mapping:

Mind MappingMindmeister – Plan and brainstorm online with friends with the free mind mapping tool MindMeister.



  • Rogerio da Silva is a Brazilian who lives in the UK for a little over two decades. He is the owner of a test consulting and outsources services for software development. He likes to blog, write and create content that teaches others how to live a better life.  He loves reading biographies of successful authors and dream builders because they inspire him to keep creating!
    You can contact Rogerio for anything related to Business & Test Analyst | Microsoft Dynamics 365 CRM | QA | Agile | Manual | Integration & Automation | DevOps | API | Cloud | AI | IoT | CRM | Website Consulting | Email Consulting | Facebook Ads | Social Media Marketing Plan | Sales Funnel | Looking for Scalable Services? InShore, OffShore or Hybrid. Interested? Ask me how we can help.

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